Tuscany is a region in central Italy. It borders in the North on Liguria and the Emilia-Romagna, in the East on Marches and Umbria, in the South on Latium. Tuscany is known for its landscapes, traditions, history, artistic legacy and its influence on high culture. It is regarded as the birthplace of the Renaissance and has been home to many figures influential in the history of art and science, and contains well-known museums such as the Uffizi and the Pitti Palace. Tuscany produces wines, including Chianti, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, Morellino di Scansano and Brunello di Montalcino. Having a strong linguistic and cultural identity, it is sometimes considered "a nation within a nation".
The area is also renowned as the most famous and loved countryside – the Maremma in the South, the Chianti area between Florence and Sienna, the Versilia coast in the Northwest and the Etruscan Riviera, that stretches from Livorno down to Piombino along the Tuscan coast. Further beautiful landscapes are for instance, the ElsaValley (Val d’Elsa), the OrciaValley (Val d’Orcia) and the Colline Metallifere (Metalliferous Hills).
Tourism is very important source of income for the inhabitants of Tuscany. The main targets for tourists are Florence with its Cathedral, Uffizien, Ponte Vecchio and the many Renaissance palaces; also Pisa with its LeaningTower; Sienna with the annual horserace called Palio; San Gimignano, a town with mediaeval architecture that belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Bathing holidays can be enjoyed along the Etruscan and Maremma coast. The 328 Km of Tuscan coastline is changeable and offers long, wide and usually sandy beaches, the South often bordered with Pine woods